There is no one single definition for global health. It just intends to improve the healthcare and medicine worldwide. Healthcare has conventionally been a national or regional concern. Current day scenarios warrant heavy changes in that. What we learned about healthcare and medicine in schools isn’t just going to suffice.
Mankind looks up to advanced scientific methods and practices to formulate solutions for today. Alarmingly 40 and more countries are deemed failed states when it comes to healthcare. It has got more to do with the reality rather science. The socio-economic challenges have deterred progress in the medical realm.
Socioeconomic side to Global Health Problems
The socio-economic factors play a major role in health problems more than limitations of science. For, instance, medical science attributes the cause of most illness to some bacteria or virus. Nevertheless, the cause of contagion lies in contaminated water or unhealthy living conditions in most cases. Such diseases include Cholera, Typhoid, Dysentery, Guinea worm and more, causing more than 3 million deaths each year.
The scientific cause can be attributed to a microorganism. But it’s not as simple as that. The underlying cause is massive amount of people don’t have access to uncontaminated water. The rich can afford the niceties in almost any country. Poverty and unbalanced social strata cause these healthcare issues. A bad healthcare decision taken by the state can cause problems.
Public health infrastructure has been suffering miserably even in developed nations, than it did five or ten years ago. It has nothing to do with scientific capacity of any country. A lot of failures happen on grounds of failed government policies. Discrimination based on race, language or religion just worsens the situation. Anti-science movements not just limited to vaccines are hard to understand.
Best healthcare territories
Even some the economic powers aren’t doing great, when it comes to healthcare. Healthcare and medicine worldwide is taking a serious hit. The percentage of GDP spent on it and the costs taxed per citizen doesn’t measure up to healthcare standards. Listed below are some of the rare countries with exemplary healthcare systems.
Hong Kong: The territory off Hong Kong makes smart use of public and private care. The result is one of the highest life expectancies in the world. The healthcare costs $2000 per citizen, compromising only 3% of the GDP. Public healthcare plans can be purchased at lower costs, while private care is speedy but expensive.
Singapore: Healthcare is not free in this tiny nation. It is maintained at artificially low rates to prevent misuse of the system. It uses up just 1.6% of national GDP. MediSafe, the medical savings account mandates 9% deductions from employee’s salary. It is used for personal and family care.
Spain: It doesn’t represent the average healthcare standards of OECD countries. It’s way better than that. It sends $2600 per citizen. The average life expectancy here is an impressive 84 years. Healthcare funding accounts for 10% of the nation’s GDP. It deploys a single player system of socialized medicine.